The ‘Nine Worthies’ (Les Neuf Preux), a group of three pagan, three Jewish, and three Christian leaders who personified the ideals of chivalry and military excellence.
They were first described in the early 14th-century French poem Les Voeux du Paon, identified as Hector of Troy, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, David, Joshua, Judas Maccabeus,
King Arthur, Charlemagne and Godfrey of Bouillon
In the late 14th century, a group of female worthies joined their male counterparts. The Nine Worthy Women (Les Neuf Preuses) consisted of queens and female leaders
who were also associated with military prowess. This grouping was much less fixed than that of the male worthies.