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Difference between revisions of "Papal State"

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<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 
Papal States Sede vacante.svg|Papal State<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Sede Vacante</span>
 
Papal States Sede vacante.svg|Papal State<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Sede Vacante</span>
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Vatican City.svg|Vatican City State<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Since 1929</span>
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
  
<gallery caption="Popes" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
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=Popes=
Pope Gelasius II.svg|Pope Gelasius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni dei Caetani<br>1118-1119</span>
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Pope Callixtus II.svg|Pope Callixtus II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gui de Bourgogne<br>1119-1124</span>  
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==Conflicts with the Emperor and East (1048–1257)==
Pope Honorius II.svg|Pope Honorius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lamberto Scannabecchi da Fiagnano<br>1124-1130</span>
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Pope Innocent II.svg|Pope Innocent II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gregorio Papareschi<br>1130-1143</span>
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Pope Celestine II.svg|Pope Celestine II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Guido da Castello<br>1143-1144</span>
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<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Pope Lucius II.svg|Pope Lucius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gherardo Caccianemici dall'Orso<br>1144-1145</span>
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Pope Gelasius II.svg| Gelasius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni dei Caetani<br>1118-1119</span>
Pope Eugene III.svg|Pope Eugene III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro dei Paganelli di Montemagno<br>1145-1153</span>
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Pope Callixtus II.svg| Callixtus II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gui de Bourgogne<br>1119-1124</span>  
Pope Anastasius IV.svg|Pope Anastasius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Corrado della Suburra<br>1153-1154</span>
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Pope Honorius II.svg| Honorius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lamberto Scannabecchi da Fiagnano<br>1124-1130</span>
Pope Adrian IV.svg|Pope Adrian IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Nicholas Breakspear<br>1154-1159</span>
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Pope Innocent II.svg| Innocent II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gregorio Papareschi<br>1130-1143</span>
Bandinelli.svg|Pope Alexander III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Rolando Bandinelli<br>1159-1181</span>
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Pope Celestine II.svg| Celestine II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Guido da Castello<br>1143-1144</span>
Pope Lucius III.svg|Pope Lucius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ubaldo Allucignoli<br>1181-1185</span>
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Pope Lucius II.svg| Lucius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gherardo Caccianemici dall'Orso<br>1144-1145</span>
Pope Urban III.svg|Pope Urban III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Uberto Crivelli<br>1185-1187</span>
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Pope Eugene III.svg| Eugene III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro dei Paganelli di Montemagno<br>1145-1153</span>
Papa Gregorio VIII.svg|Pope Gregory VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alberto de Morra<br>1187</span>
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Pope Anastasius IV.svg| Anastasius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Corrado della Suburra<br>1153-1154</span>
Pope Clement III.svg|Pope Clement III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Paolo Scolari<br>1187-1191</span>
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Pope Adrian IV.svg| Adrian IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Nicholas Breakspear<br>1154-1159</span>
Orsini.svg|Pope Celestine III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giacinto Bobone Orsini<br>1191-1198</span>
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Bandinelli.svg| Alexander III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Rolando Bandinelli<br>1159-1181</span>
Segni.svg|Pope Innocent III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lotario dei Conti di Segni<br>1198-1216</span>
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Pope Lucius III.svg| Lucius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ubaldo Allucignoli<br>1181-1185</span>
Savelli.svg|Pope Honorius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Cencio Savelli<br>1216-1227</span>
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Pope Urban III.svg| Urban III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Uberto Crivelli<br>1185-1187</span>
Segni.svg|Pope Gregory IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ugolino dei Conti di Segni<br>1227-1241</span>
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Morra.svg| Gregory VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alberto de Morra<br>1187</span>
Pope Celestine IV.svg|Pope Celestine IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Goffredo Castiglioni<br>1241</span>
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Pope Clement III.svg| Clement III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Paolo Scolari<br>1187-1191</span>
Fieschi.svg|Pope Innocent IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Sinibaldo Fieschi<br>1243-1254</span>
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Orsini Ancient.svg| Celestine III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giacinto Bobone Orsini<br>1191-1198</span>
Segni.svg|Pope Alexander IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne<br>1254-1261</span>
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Segni.svg| Innocent III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lotario dei Conti di Segni<br>1198-1216</span>
Pope Urban IV.svg|Pope Urban IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Pantaléon<br>1261-1264</span>
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Savelli.svg| Honorius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Cencio Savelli<br>1216-1227</span>
Pope Clement IV.svg|Pope Clement IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gui Faucoi<br>1265-1268</span>
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Segni.svg| Gregory IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ugolino dei Conti di Segni<br>1227-1241</span>
Pope Gregory X.svg|Pope Gregory X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Tebaldo Visconti<br>1271-1276</span>
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Pope Celestine IV.svg| Celestine IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Goffredo Castiglioni<br>1241</span>
Pope Innocent V.svg|Pope Innocent V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre de Tarentaise<br>1276</span>
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Fieschi.svg| Innocent IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Sinibaldo Fieschi<br>1243-1254</span>
Fieschi.svg|Pope Adrian V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ottobuono Fieschi<br>1276</span>
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Pope John XXI.svg|Pope John XXI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pedro Julião<br>1276-1277</span>
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Orsini.svg|Pope Nicholas III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Gaetano Orsini<br>1277-1280</span>
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Pope Martin IV.svg|Pope Martin IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Simon de Brion<br>1281-1285</span>
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Savelli.svg|Pope Honorius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giacomo Savelli<br>1285-1287</span>
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Pope Nicholas IV.svg|Pope Nicholas IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Girolamo Masci<br>1288-1292</span>
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Pope Celestine V.svg|Pope Celestine V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Angelerio<br>1294</span>
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Gaetani.svg|Pope Boniface VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Benedetto Caetani<br>1294-1303</span>
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Pope Benedict XI.svg|Pope Benedict XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Niccolò Boccasini<br>1303-1304</span>
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Pope Clement V.svg|Pope Clement V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bertrand de Got<br>1305-1314</span>
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Pope John XXII.svg|Pope John XXII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Duèze<br>1316-1334</span>
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Pope Benedict XII.svg|Pope Benedict XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Fournier<br>1334-1342</span>
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Roger de Beaufort.svg|Pope Clement VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre Roger<br>1342-1352</span>
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Pope Innocent VI.svg|Pope Innocent VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Étienne Aubert<br>1352-1362</span>
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Pope Urban V.svg|Pope Urban V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Guillaume Grimoard<br>1362-1370</span>
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Roger de Beaufort.svg|Pope Gregory XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre Roger de Beaufort<br>1370-1378</span>
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Pope Urban VI.svg|Pope Urban VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bartolomeo Prignano<br>1378-1389</span>
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Pope Boniface IX.svg|Pope Boniface IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Tomacelli<br>1389-1404</span>
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Pope Innocent VII.svg|Pope Innocent VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Cosimo Gentile Migliorati<br>1404-1406</span>
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Pope Gregory XII.svg|Pope Gregory XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Angelo Correr<br>1406-1415</span>
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Colonna.svg|Pope Martin V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Oddone Colonna<br>1417-1431</span>
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Pope Eugene IV.svg|Pope Eugene IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gabriele Condulmer<br>1431-1447</span>
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
  
==Renaissance Popes (1447-1559)==
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==The wandering popes (1257–1309)==
  
  
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Pope Nicholas V.svg|Pope Nicholas V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Tommaso Parentucelli<br>1447-1455</span>
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Segni.svg| Alexander IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne<br>1254-1261</span>
Borgia.svg|Pope Callixtus III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alfonso de Borja<br>1455-1458</span>
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Pope Urban IV.svg| Urban IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Pantaléon<br>1261-1264</span>
Piccolomini.svg|Pope Pius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Enea Silvio Piccolomini<br>1458-1464</span>
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Pope Clement IV.svg| Clement IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gui Faucoi<br>1265-1268</span>
Pope Paul II.svg|Pope Paul II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Barbo<br>1464-1471</span>
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Pope Gregory X.svg| Gregory X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Tebaldo Visconti<br>1271-1276</span>
Della Rovere.svg|Pope Sixtus IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco della Rovere<br>1471-1484</span>
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Pope Innocent V.svg| Innocent V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre de Tarentaise<br>1276</span>
Cybo.svg|Pope Innocent VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Cybo<br>1484-1492</span>
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Fieschi.svg| Adrian V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ottobuono Fieschi<br>1276</span>
Borgia Gandia.svg|Pope Alexander VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Roderic Llançol i de Borja<br>1492-1503</span>
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Pope John XXI.svg| John XXI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pedro Julião<br>1276-1277</span>
Piccolomini.svg|Pope Pius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini<br>1503</span>
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Orsini.svg| Nicholas III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Gaetano Orsini<br>1277-1280</span>
della Rovere.svg|Pope Julius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giuliano della Rovere<br>1503-1513</span>
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Pope Martin IV.svg| Martin IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Simon de Brion<br>1281-1285</span>
Medici.svg|Pope Leo X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici<br>1513-1521</span>
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Savelli.svg| Honorius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giacomo Savelli<br>1285-1287</span>
Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens.svg|Pope Adrian VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens<br>1522-1523</span>
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Pope Nicholas IV.svg| Nicholas IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Girolamo Masci<br>1288-1292</span>
Medici.svg|Pope Clement VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici<br>1523-1534</span>
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Pope Celestine V.svg| Celestine V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Angelerio<br>1294</span>
Farnese.svg|Pope Paul III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Farnese<br>1534-1549</span>
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Gaetani.svg| Boniface VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Benedetto Caetani<br>1294-1303</span>
Giovanni Maria del Monte Ciocchi.svg|Pope Julius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte<br>1550-1555</span>
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Pope Benedict XI.svg| Benedict XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Niccolò Boccasini<br>1303-1304</span>
Spannochi.svg|Pope Marcellus II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi<br>1555</span>
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Pope Clement V.svg| Clement V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bertrand de Got<br>1305-1314</span>
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 +
==Avignon Papacy (1309–1377)==
  
==Counter-Reformation Popes (1559-1655)==
+
 
 +
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 +
Pope John XXII.svg| John XXII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Duèze<br>1316-1334</span>
 +
Pope Benedict XII.svg| Benedict XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jacques Fournier<br>1334-1342</span>
 +
Roger de Beaufort.svg| Clement VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre Roger<br>1342-1352</span>
 +
Pope Innocent VI.svg| Innocent VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Étienne Aubert<br>1352-1362</span>
 +
Pope Urban V.svg| Urban V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Guillaume Grimoard<br>1362-1370</span>
 +
Roger de Beaufort.svg| Gregory XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pierre Roger de Beaufort<br>1370-1378</span>
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Western Schism (1378–1417)==
  
  
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Carafa.svg|Pope Paul IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Pietro Carafa<br>1555-1559</span>
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Pope Urban VI.svg| Urban VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bartolomeo Prignano<br>1378-1389</span>
Medici.svg|Pope Pius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Angelo Medici<br>1559-1566</span>
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Pope Boniface IX.svg| Boniface IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Tomacelli<br>1389-1404</span>
Ghislieri.svg|Pope Pius V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Antonio Ghislieri<br>1566-1572</span>
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Pope Innocent VII.svg| Innocent VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Cosimo Gentile Migliorati<br>1404-1406</span>
Boncompagni.svg|Pope Gregory XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ugo Boncompagni<br>1572-1585</span>
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Pope Gregory XII.svg| Gregory XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Angelo Correr<br>1406-1415</span>
Pope Sixtus V.svg|Pope Sixtus V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Felice Peretti di Montalto<br>1585-1590</span>
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Castagna.svg|Pope Urban VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Castagna<br>1590</span>
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Sfondrati.svg|Pope Gregory XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Niccolò Sfondrati<br>1590-1591</span>
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Facchinetti.svg|Pope Innocent IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti<br>1591</span>
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Aldobrandini.svg|Pope Clement VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ippolito Aldobrandini<br>1592-1605</span>
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Medici.svg|Pope Leo XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici<br>1605</span>
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Borghese.svg|Pope Paul V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici<br>1605-1621</span>
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Ludovisi.svg|Pope Gregory XV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Ludovisi<br>1621-1623</span>
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Barberini.svg|Pope Urban VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Maffeo Barberini<br>1623-1644</span>
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Pamphili.svg|Pope Innocent X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Pamphilj<br>1644-1655</span>
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
  
==Post-Reformation Popes (1655-1799)==
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== Antipopes==
  
  
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Pope Alexander VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Fabio Chigi<br>1655-1667</span>
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Antipope Alexander V.svg|Antipope Alexander V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Petros Philargos<br>1409–1410</span>
Pope Clement IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giulio Rospigliosi<br>1667-1669</span>
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Cossa.svg|Antipope John XXIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Baldassarre Cossa<br>1410–1415</span>
Pope Clement X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Emilio Bonaventura Altieri<br>1670-1676</span>
+
</gallery>
Pope Innocent XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Benedetto Odescalchi<br>1676-1689</span>
+
 
Pope Alexander VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Vito Ottoboni<br>1689-1691</span>
+
 
Pope Innocent XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Antonio Pignatelli<br>1691-1700</span>
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==Renaissance Popes (1417–1534)==
Pope Clement XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Francesco Albani<br>1700-1721</span>
+
 
Pope Innocent XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Michelangelo dei Conti<br>1721-1724</span>
+
 
Pope Benedict XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Francesco Orsini<br>1724-1730</span>
+
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Pope Clement XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lorenzo Corsini<br>1730-1740</span>
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Colonna.svg| Martin V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Oddone Colonna<br>1417-1431</span>
Pope Benedict XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini<br>1740-1758</span>
+
Pope Eugene IV.svg| Eugene IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gabriele Condulmer<br>1431-1447</span>
Pope Clement XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico<br>1758-1769</span>
+
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
Pope Clement XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli<br>1769-1774</span>
+
Pope Nicholas V.svg| Nicholas V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Tommaso Parentucelli<br>1447-1455</span>
Pope Pius VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi<br>1775-1799</span>
+
Borgia.svg| Callixtus III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alfonso de Borja<br>1455-1458</span>
Pope Pius VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti<br> 1800-1823</span>
+
Piccolomini.svg| Pius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Enea Silvio Piccolomini<br>1458-1464</span>
Pope Leo XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga<br> 1823-1829</span>
+
Pope Paul II.svg| Paul II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Barbo<br>1464-1471</span>
Pope Pius VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco Saverio Castiglioni<br> 1829-1830</span>
+
Della Rovere.svg| Sixtus IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco della Rovere<br>1471-1484</span>
Pope Gregory XVI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari<br> 1831-1846</span>
+
Cybo.svg| Innocent VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Cybo<br>1484-1492</span>
 +
Borgia Gandia.svg| Alexander VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Roderic Llançol i de Borja<br>1492-1503</span>
 +
Piccolomini.svg| Pius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini<br>1503</span>
 +
della Rovere.svg| Julius II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giuliano della Rovere<br>1503-1513</span>
 +
Medici.svg| Leo X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici<br>1513-1521</span>
 +
Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens.svg| Adrian VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens<br>1522-1523</span>
 +
Medici.svg| Clement VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici<br>1523-1534</span>
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Reformation and Counter-Reformation (1517–1585)==
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 +
Farnese.svg| Paul III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Farnese<br>1534-1549</span>
 +
Giovanni Maria del Monte Ciocchi.svg| Julius III<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte<br>1550-1555</span>
 +
Spannochi.svg| Marcellus II<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi<br>1555</span>
 +
Carafa.svg| Paul IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Pietro Carafa<br>1555-1559</span>
 +
Medici di Marignano.svg| Pius IV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Angelo Medici<br>1559-1566</span>
 +
Ghislieri.svg| Pius V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Antonio Ghislieri<br>1566-1572</span>
 +
Boncompagni.svg| Gregory XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ugo Boncompagni<br>1572-1585</span>
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Baroque Papacy (1585–1689)==
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 +
Pope Sixtus V.svg| Sixtus V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Felice Peretti di Montalto<br>1585-1590</span>
 +
Castagna.svg| Urban VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Castagna<br>1590</span>
 +
Sfondrati.svg| Gregory XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Niccolò Sfondrati<br>1590-1591</span>
 +
Facchinetti.svg| Innocent IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti<br>1591</span>
 +
Aldobrandini.svg| Clement VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Ippolito Aldobrandini<br>1592-1605</span>
 +
Medici.svg| Leo XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici<br>1605</span>
 +
Borghese.svg| Paul V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Camillo Borghese<br>1605-1621</span>
 +
Ludovisi.svg| Gregory XV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Alessandro Ludovisi<br>1621-1623</span>
 +
Barberini.svg| Urban VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Maffeo Barberini<br>1623-1644</span>
 +
Pamphili.svg| Innocent X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Battista Pamphilj<br>1644-1655</span>
 +
Agostino Chigi.svg| Alexander VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Fabio Chigi<br>1655-1667</span>
 +
Rospigliosi.svg| Clement IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giulio Rospigliosi<br>1667-1669</span>
 +
Altieri.svg| Clement X<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Emilio Bonaventura Altieri<br>1670-1676</span>
 +
Odescalchi.svg| Innocent XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Benedetto Odescalchi<br>1676-1689</span>
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
==During the Age of Revolution (1775–1848)==
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<gallery caption="" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
 +
Ottoboni.svg| Alexander VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Vito Ottoboni<br>1689-1691</span>
 +
Pignatelli.svg| Innocent XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Antonio Pignatelli<br>1691-1700</span>
 +
Albani.svg| Clement XI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Francesco Albani<br>1700-1721</span>
 +
dei Conti.svg| Innocent XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Michelangelo dei Conti<br>1721-1724</span>
 +
Benedict_XIII_Pietro_Francesco_Orsini.svg| Benedict XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Pietro Francesco Orsini<br>1724-1730</span>
 +
Corsini.svg| Clement XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Lorenzo Corsini<br>1730-1740</span>
 +
Lambertini.svg| Benedict XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini<br>1740-1758</span>
 +
Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico.svg| Clement XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico<br>1758-1769</span>
 +
Ganganelli.svg| Clement XIV<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli<br>1769-1774</span>
 +
Blank.svg| Pius VI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi<br>1775-1799</span>
 +
Blank.svg|Pope Pius VII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti<br> 1800-1823</span>
 +
Blank.svg|Pope Leo XII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga<br> 1823-1829</span>
 +
Blank.svg|Pope Pius VIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Francesco Saverio Castiglioni<br> 1829-1830</span>
 +
Blank.svg|Pope Gregory XVI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari<br> 1831-1846</span>
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
==Roman Question (1870–1929)==
 +
 
 +
 
 
Pope Pius IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti<br> 1846-1878</span>
 
Pope Pius IX<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti<br> 1846-1878</span>
 
Pope Leo XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci<br> 1878-1903</span>
 
Pope Leo XIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci<br> 1878-1903</span>
Line 139: Line 186:
 
Pope Benedict XVI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger<br> 2005-2013</span>
 
Pope Benedict XVI<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger<br> 2005-2013</span>
 
Pope Francis<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jorge Mario Bergoglio<br>2013</span>
 
Pope Francis<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Jorge Mario Bergoglio<br>2013</span>
</gallery>
 
  
  
<gallery caption="Antipopes" align=center style= "color: #292929;font-size:1.2em;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: normal;">
+
 
Antipope Alexander V.svg|Antipope Alexander V<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Petros Philargos<br>1409–1410</span>
+
Cossa.svg|Antipope John XXIII<br><span style="font-size:88%; line-height: 1.3em;">Baldassarre Cossa<br>1410–1415</span>
+
</gallery>
+
  
  
Line 160: Line 203:
 
Altieri.svg|House of Altieri
 
Altieri.svg|House of Altieri
 
Anguillara Ancient.svg|[[House of Anguillara]]
 
Anguillara Ancient.svg|[[House of Anguillara]]
 +
Boboni.svg|[[House of Boboni]]
 
Borgia.svg|[[House of Borgia]]
 
Borgia.svg|[[House of Borgia]]
 +
Borromeo Ancient.svg|[[House of Borromeo]]
 
Chigi.svg|[[House of Ardenghesca|House of Chigi]]
 
Chigi.svg|[[House of Ardenghesca|House of Chigi]]
 
Colonna.svg|[[House of Colonna]]
 
Colonna.svg|[[House of Colonna]]
 +
Crivelli.svg|House of Crivelli
 
Facchinetti.svg|House of Facchinetti
 
Facchinetti.svg|House of Facchinetti
 
Farnese.svg|[[House of Farnese]]
 
Farnese.svg|[[House of Farnese]]
 
Filippeschi.svg|House of Filippeschi  
 
Filippeschi.svg|House of Filippeschi  
 
Gaetani.svg|[[House of Gaetani]]
 
Gaetani.svg|[[House of Gaetani]]
Mancini.svg|House of Mancini
+
Mancini.svg|[[House of Mancini]]
 
Mattei.svg|House of Mattei
 
Mattei.svg|House of Mattei
 +
Mazarin.svg|[[House of Mazarini]]
 
Monaldeschi.svg|House of Monaldeschi
 
Monaldeschi.svg|House of Monaldeschi
 
Montefeltro.svg|[[House of Montefeltro]]
 
Montefeltro.svg|[[House of Montefeltro]]
 +
Odescalchi.svg|House of Odescalchi
 
Orsini.svg|[[House of Orsini]]
 
Orsini.svg|[[House of Orsini]]
 
Della Rovere.svg|[[House of della Rovere]]
 
Della Rovere.svg|[[House of della Rovere]]
 
Savelli.svg|House of Savelli
 
Savelli.svg|House of Savelli
 +
Scolari.svg|House of Scolari
 
Di Vico.svg|House of Vico
 
Di Vico.svg|House of Vico
  
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>

Revision as of 20:51, 6 May 2020


Popes

Conflicts with the Emperor and East (1048–1257)


The wandering popes (1257–1309)

Avignon Papacy (1309–1377)


Western Schism (1378–1417)


Antipopes


Renaissance Popes (1417–1534)


Reformation and Counter-Reformation (1517–1585)


Baroque Papacy (1585–1689)

During the Age of Revolution (1775–1848)

Roman Question (1870–1929)

Pope Pius IX
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
1846-1878
Pope Leo XIII
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci
1878-1903
Pope Pius X
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
1903-1914
Pope Benedict XV
Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista Della Chiesa
1914-1922
Pope Pius XI
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti
1922-1939
Pope Pius XII
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli
1939-1958
Pope John XXIII
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
1958-1963
Pope Paul VI
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini
1963-1978
Pope John Paul I
Albino Luciani
1978
Pope John Paul II
Karol Józef Wojtyła
1978-2005
Pope Benedict XVI
Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger
2005-2013
Pope Francis
Jorge Mario Bergoglio
2013